Hannelore Ehrenreich studied medicine and veterinary medicine in Hanover and Munich, Germany. In parallel to her full clinical training in neurology and psychiatry (in Munich and Göttingen), she had several grant-funded research positions in the USA (with Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, MD), in England and the Philippines. She is professor of neurology and psychiatry, and adjunct professor of biology and psychology, with teaching responsibilities at the University of Göttingen. Since 1995, she is Head of the Department of Clinical Neuroscience at the Max Planck Institute of Experimental Medicine, Göttingen. Her research area of interest is translational neuroscience with emphasis on: (1) Genetic and environmental underpinnings of neuropsychiatric diseases; (2) Endogenous neuroprotection and neuroregeneration as therapeutic strategies for patients (focus on erythropoietin); (3) Autoimmune and inflammatory processes shaping neuropsychiatric phenotypes.